Discussion in 'Food Safety' started by bikerbob, Apr 19, 2013.

  1. It appears that there are three common cures in use

    Insta cure #1

    Mortons Tender Quick

    Cure #1

    Rather than having three cures an hand to make various recipes is there a formula for substituting one of the above for another

    Thank you for your help

  2. nepas

    nepas Smoking Guru Staff Member Moderator Group Lead OTBS Member SMF Premier Member

    Cure #1 and insta cure #1 are the same.

    MTQ is different and should not be used with cure #1

    Cure #1 is used at 1 level tsp per every 5 lbs of meat.

    MTQ is 7.5 tsp per every 5 lbs of meat and you may have to adjust any salt in a recipe when using MTQ.

    I dont know what they call cures in Canada.

    CURES - Cures are used in sausage products for color and flavor development as well as retarding the development of bacteria in
    the low temperature environment of smoked meats.
    Salt and sugar both cure meat by osmosis. In addition to drawing the water from the food, they dehydrate and kill the bacteria that make food spoil. In general, though, use of the word "cure" refers to processing the meat with either sodium nitrite or sodium nitrate.
    The primary and most important reason to use cures is to prevent BOTULISM POISONING (Food poisoning). It is very important that any kind of meat or sausage that will be cooked and smoked at low temperature be cured. To trigger botulism poisoning, the requirements are quite simple - lack of oxygen, the presence of moisture, and temperatures in range of 40-140° F. When smoking meats, the heat and smoke eliminates the oxygen. The meats have moisture and are traditionally smoked and cooked in the low ranges of 90 to 185° F. As you can see, these are ideal conditions for food poisoning if you don't use cures. There are two types of commercially used cures.

    Prague Powder #1
    Also called Insta-Cure and Modern Cure. Cures are used to prevent meats from spoiling when being cooked or smoked at low temperatures (under 200 degrees F). This cure is 1 part sodium nitrite (6.25%) and 16 parts salt (93.75%) and are combined and crystallized to assure even distribution. As the meat temperate rises during processing, the sodium nitrite changes to nitric oxide and starts to ‘gas out’ at about 130 degrees F. After the smoking /cooking process is complete only about 10-20% of the original nitrite remains. As the product is stored and later reheated for consumption, the decline of nitrite continues. 4 ounces of Prague powder #1 is required to cure 100 lbs of meat. A more typical measurement for home use is 1 level tsp per 5 lbs of meat. Mix with cold water, then mix into meat like you would mix seasonings into meat.

    Prague Powder #2
    Used to dry-cure products. Prague powder #2 is a mixture of 1 part sodium nitrite, .64 parts sodium nitrate and 16 parts salt. (1 oz. of sodium nitrite with .64 oz. of sodium nitrate to each lb. of salt.)
    It is primarily used in dry-curing Use with products that do not require cooking, smoking, or refrigeration. This cure, which is sodium nitrate, acts like a time release, slowly breaking down into sodium nitrite, then into nitric oxide. This allows you to dry cure products that take much longer to cure. A cure with sodium nitrite would dissipate too quickly.
    Use 1 oz. of cure for 25 lbs. of meat or 1 level teaspoon of cure for 5 lbs. of meat when mixing with meat.
    When using a cure in a brine solution, follow a recipe.
  3. Thank you for the reply; it clears up a number of questions

    I gather that the best solution is to use the cure called for in the recipe

  4. bearcarver

    bearcarver Smoking Guru OTBS Member

    To clear up the proper amount of TQ used per pound of meat:

    1/2 ounce (1 TBS)  per pound of whole meat.

    1/4 ounce (1 1/2 tsp) per pound of ground meat.

  5. leahmason

    leahmason Newbie

    Thanks for posting the cures here. Now we will have to work on the recipes accordingly.
    Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2013
  6. mr t 59874

    mr t 59874 Master of the Pit SMF Premier Member

    To mention two more generally used cures.

    Morton® Sugar Cure® (Plain) mix

    Morton® Smoke Flavored Sugar Cure® mix

    Morton® Sugar Cure® (Plain) mix can be used interchangeably with Morton® Tender Quick® mix.


Share This Page