I have oak, maple, cherry, hickory and mulberry right now. I'm supposed to be getting some apple from a friend as soon as he visits his mother. I split the logs with a maul. Then, I cut the splits into 3 or 4 inch pieces with a chop saw. Then, I split those pieces with an ax to end up with pieces about .5 inch to 1 inch by 1 inch by 3 or 4 inches. I've used a hatchet and an ax before and I just prefer the ax. I hold it about a foot or so from the head and it just doesn't take near the swing that the hatchet does.